ADAPTASI BEBERAPA VARIETAS BAWANG MERAH (Allium ascalonicum L.) DI DATARAN RENDAH MEDAN

Elisa Manora Sinaga, Eva Sartini Bayu, Isman Nuriadi Isman Nuriadi

Abstract


Onionis one of the leading vegetable seed which has long cultivated. Demand onion
continues to increase, so that production needs to be increased, where one attempts to do that is the
use of high yielding varieties. The availability of local varieties provide many options, it also
decrease the use ofimported seeds, it is necessary to test the power of high yielding varieties in
other areas.This research was aimed to select shallot varieties that able to adapt in Medan lowland.
This research was conducted on level land in Simalingkar, Tuntungan District (± 25 meters above
sea) in June-September 2012. This research used Randomized Block Design (RBD) treatment
consisting of five varieties are Katumi, Yellow, Sembrani variety, Medan and Tuk-Tuk variety, the
treatment was replicated four times. The data obtained were analyzed using analysis of variance
followed by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The results of showed that varieties
significantly different with number of tillers, fresh weight plant sample, dry weight plant sample,
tuber diameter, tuber height and tuber water loss and production. Of the five onion varieties tested
showed not significantly in variables plant height, number of leaves, harvest, fresh weight plant plot
and dry weight plant plot.

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Program studi Agroteknologi

Fakultas Pertanian

Jl. Prof. A. Sofyan no. 3

Kampus Universitas Sumatera Utara

Padang Bulan- 20155

Medan-Sumatera Utara

E ISSN (2337-6597)