PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI BAWANG MERAH (Allium ascalonicum L.) DENGAN PEMBERIAN PUPUK KANDANG AYAM DAN EM4 (Effective Microorganisms4

Ashrafida Rahmah, Rosita Sipayung, Toga Simanungkalit

Abstract


Shallot is the one of leading vegetable which has long been cultivated by farmers intensive, the low
yields of shallot in Indonesia is caused by the use of low quality seeds and planting medium that is
not good. Efforts to increase onion yields, among others by chicken manure and EM4. This
research has been conducted to obtain the optimal dose the effect of chicken manure and EM4
application on the growth and yield of the shallot. Research was conducted on Jalan Pasar Satu,
Medan Selayang, Medan with a height of 25 m above sea level on June to August 2012. using
randomized block design of two factors, the factors are chicken manure (0, 40, 80, 120 g / plant) and
EM4 (0, 3.5, 7 cc / l of water). The parameters observed were plant height, tillers number, leaf
number, wet weight per sample, wet weight per plot, dry weight per sample, dry weight per plot and
clove number. The results showed that treatment of chicken manure significantly influenced all the
parameters in which a dose of 120 g / plant showed the highest yields. EM4 treatment significantly
influenced the parameters of wet weight per plot and dry weight per plot. Interaction of both
treatments significantly influenced wet weight per plot, dry weight per plot, and the cloves number
per sample.
Key words : shallot, chicken manure, EM4

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Program studi Agroteknologi

Fakultas Pertanian

Jl. Prof. A. Sofyan no. 3

Kampus Universitas Sumatera Utara

Padang Bulan- 20155

Medan-Sumatera Utara

E ISSN (2337-6597)