PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PUPUK PHOSPAT DAN JARAK TANAM TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI BENGKUANG (Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban.)

Dwi Wahyu Prabowo, T. Chairun Nisa B, Jonathan Ginting

Abstract



This study aimed to determine the most suitable planting distace and dose of phospate fertilizer for
the growth and yield of yam. The reasearch was conducted at Jln. Setia Budi, Simpang Selayang,
Medan Tuntungan at ± 25 meters above sea level from April until August 2012. The research used
the factorial completely randomized block design with two factors, namely phospate fertilizer (0g,
5,3g, 10,67g, and 16 g/plot) and planting distance (20x15 cm, 20x20 cm, and 20x25 cm).
Parameters observed were plant length, number of branches, tuber weight per sample, tuber weight
per plot, tuber diameter , root volume and   and harvest index. The results showed that phospate
fertilizer treatment did not show any significant effects for all parameters. Longer planting distance
significantlly increased plant lengths only at 3 and 4 WAP, but not at other ages, and for all other
parameters as well. Similirlly, there was no significant interaction effect of the two treatments for
all parameters.
Key words : phospate fertilizer, planting distance, yam

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Program studi Agroteknologi

Fakultas Pertanian

Jl. Prof. A. Sofyan no. 3

Kampus Universitas Sumatera Utara

Padang Bulan- 20155

Medan-Sumatera Utara

E ISSN (2337-6597)